History shows that there is at least 8 biggest world war that has occurred in the world. From these greatest world war in human history with massive scale and an enormous number of casualties, there are two main reasons that trigger the wars, which are attempts to defeat the other party (country) and lust to extend territorial.
These 8 world wars have brought suffering and extraordinary casualties of all the warring factions.
This is 8 Greatest World War Throughout History, compiled by WarZone123.com:
1. The Crusades War (Holy Way)
Crusades war, a great war that occurred from the year 1096 until the year 1487. Ongoing hostilities were adopted by some of the Pope at the time.
The term of the Crusades it was not just referring to the war between Islam and Christianity, but the term that became common at that time as a declaration of war against all things that are contrary to the ‘truth’.
First Crusade began in 1095 when the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos sending an envoy to Pope Urban II. He requested military support to resolve the conflict with the Eastern Roman Empire against Turk’s nation that has migrated westward in Anatolia (present-day Turkey).
Responding to the request, Pope Urban II summoned Catholics community to join. One of the aims stated by Pope Urban II was to captured Jerusalem or the so-called Holy Land from the ruling Turkish Empire. Thus, it will guarantee access and security of pilgrims to the holy places in Jerusalem and its surroundings.
Pope’s call to join a ‘holy war‘ is also attractive to hundreds of thousands of people from different countries and of different classes in the Western Europe region. Not least of farmers who joined the crusaders – they believe, as claimed by Pope Urban II, their sins will be forgiven if participating in this war.
The crusade involving multiple parties. Not only involves between Islam and Christianity, but also the followers of the other, such as Jews (Judaism), Zoroastrian, Baha’i and other religious adherents throughout Europe, Asia, and even Africa.
This world war that motivates by inter-religious disputes is one of the greatest war in the history of human civilization. Overall, this war occurred from 9th to 15th AD – The First Crusades War to The Ninth Crusades War.
As was mentioned earlier, the Crusades not only occur between Islam and Christianity, because of the Crusades in the 13th century, war has precisely occurred in Northern Europe, where Pope Innocent III issued a papal bull that declared a crusade against ethnic Livonia when it was mostly embraced paganism religion.
Two of the most popular figures in the Crusades are Salahudin Al Ayubi (Yusuf bin Najmuddin) and Richard The Lion Heart (King Richard I).
The long duration of the Crusades, resulting in great casualties. It is believed, casualties of the entire war is equivalent to the death toll of World War 1 and World War 2.
2. The Mongol Invasion
Temujin, known as Genghis Khan was the eldest son of Yesugei, chairman Kiyad nomadic tribes, in a small region of Central Asia. Having succeeded in unifying the tribes of nomads in the Gobi desert, the Mongols, in 1206, Genghis Khan began to spread the threat to the surrounding area, even far into Europe and the Middle East.
Mongol empire in Eurasia (Europe and Asia) took place from 1206 to 1337, or more than a century.
Mongol strength in that period was centered in the ingenuity and charisma of Genghis Khan (Khan of everything), absolute loyalty from the commanders, the cavalry which skilled, infantry with high mastery of cannon arm, strong forces of the Mongol horses, and peculiar way of conquest.
Mongolian horses are strong, enabling large and well-trained army of Genghis Khan reached regions far from their own hometown. Interestingly, Mongols are not controlling permanently their conquered region by establishing governance. Controlled territory would be abandoned after they kill anyone who encountered indiscriminately, except that most of the women were raped and brought back to their homeland. They looted all the belongings they conquered the area.
Mongols under Genghis Khan managed to dominate China (Jin Dynasty, Xia and Song), destroying Russia, defeated the Persian Empire (Iran), occupying Poland and Hungary, and crushed Baghdad (Iraq), who was then the center of Islam.
Mongol army ever gets to Egypt and India and involved a war with the Crusaders in Europe when Genghis Khan sent his best general investigating two western regions. On European soil, the two generals the troops involved in the war with the Crusaders who were heading the Middle East (Jerusalem). Crusaders thought that the Mongol army is the Arab forces.
Mongolian forces also had intended to conquer Singhasari in Java but failed.
One hundred years spread fear across Europe and Asia, eventually fading as the death of the Mongolian’s strength, Genghis Khan. Leadership system based on just one person (Genghis Khan) with an extremely broad conquered territory, it became one of the reasons for the collapse of the Mongols in the end.
Remarkably, despite the expansion of the Mongol claimed to have ended before the middle of the 14th century, it was war and conquest has continued until the 15th century, the Mongol rulers of smaller, including remnants of the Mongol Empire in various places.
Admittedly, the Mongol Empire almost dominated the whole world (global domination). At their peak, the Mongol Empire controlled their region about 33 million square kilometers wide. Mongol is the strongest empire in the Middle Ages. Mongol empire only to lose a bit of the Empire of Great Britain (United Kingdom).
The nation that once conquered the Mongol Empire, among others: China, Russia, Korea, Vietnam, Burma, Cambodia, the Middle East, Poland, Hungary, North Arabia, and North India.
More than 1-century threats, in the heyday of the Mongols, an estimated 30 million people have been killed, about half of the Chinese population depleted in 50 years, and reduce 10% of the population in the Middle East.
The success of the Mongol invasion of evil, ruthless and brutal for a century reign was described as a crime against anyone and anything!
3. Napoleon Bonaparte Wars
Napoleonic Wars somewhat ironic. An irony, because initially the intention of this war to destroy the monarchy, France, and even Europe in its entirety, to be replaced with a republican system of government. But when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in a coup called 18 Brumaire, he was in power a dozen years and made himself emperor.
The genius of Napoleon reorganized the French military make the land feared in mainland Europe for some time, and he won many great battles. In his prime, Napoleon managed to extend French domination until controlled almost the entire territory of Europe.
When did the Napoleonic era begin? There is no agreement among historians to ascertain when the French Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic wars began. Some dates were proposed, among others:
- On 9th November 1799, when Napoleon seized power in France.
- 18th Mei of 1803, when Britain and France violated the ceasefire they agreed earlier.
- On 2nd December 1804, when Napoleon declared himself emperor.
However, most people agree that the Napoleonic Wars occurred when Napoleon Bonaparte ruled over France from 1799 to 1815. Similarly, the so-called Napoleonic Wars French War Britain, or as the final round of the 200 Years War between England and France, which has raged since 1689 up to 1815.
In addition to the so-called French War Kingdom, this war is also called the War Coalition, because it involves a coalition of nations that happened seven times (1792-1815). A coalition of nations was formed to fight the French. Countries that have joined the coalition against France under Napoleon are Austria, Netherlands, Spain, Sardinia, Sweden, Portugal, Russia, and Prussia.
Although a coalition of countries under British command attempted mob to beat France under the leadership of the genius of war, Napoleon, most of the battles won by Napoleon Bonaparte.
But in the end, Napoleon Bonaparte must acknowledge the joint military force Britain and Russia in the war are well-known: the Battle of Waterloo, which is near the town of Waterloo, about 15 km south of the capital of Belgium. Napoleon was arrested and exiled to Saint Helena Island (west Africa). During six years in exile, Napoleon died on May 5, 1821.
Casualties in the Battle of Waterloo (June 18, 1815) was incredible. It is estimated that about 5 to 6 million perish, and the number of injuries that most of the civil parties, countless.
4. World War I
World War I (WW1) took place on 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. This was called the World War or the Great War. This war triggered by the murder of the famous Prince of Austria, Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand was killed by a terrorist group Serb, Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Serbia. It made the Emperor of Austria Kari I very furious. He demanded that Serbia hand over the killer prince, but it was ignored Serb who was then so confidently because it is supported by Russia.
As a result of the tough stance that Serbia, Austria declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914. A few days later, Germany declared war on Russia (August 1, 1914). Two days after Germany declared war on Russia, France also declared war on Germany on August 3, 1914. And, Britain declared war on Germany on August 14, 1914.
Declaration of war large number of countries in Europe later expanded to large-scale war era of modern weaponry.
This war involves all the major world powers, which is divided into two alliances contrary, The Allies – at beginning formed by 3 large countries, consisting of Britain, France, and Russia – which later evolved into Serbia, Japan, the United States (US), Canada and dozens of countries the other, against the Central Powers, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria, and Italy. In 1915, the attitude of ‘two faces‘ Italy began to appear. Italy finally broke up their partnership with the Central Powers and chose to join the Allies, because of its intention to take control of Austria. The attitude of the two faces of Italy will again be visible in World War 2.
At first, the great war was won by the Central Powers before the US decided to join the allies forces in 1917. The loosening of the power of Germany around 1917 to 1918, weakened the power of the Central Powers, especially at the same time, US increasingly send its forces personnel in the field combat. The Allies victory over the Central Powers then spawned a number of post-war treaties were very burdensome the Central Powers. As for the number of the agreement include:
- Treaty of Versailles between the Allies and Germany (June 28, 1918)
- St. agreement Germani between the Allies and Austria (10 November 1919)
- Neulily agreement between the Allies and Bulgaria (27 November 1919)
- Treaty of Trianon between the Allies and Hungary (June 4, 1920)
- Sevres treaty between the Allies and Turkey (August 20, 1920)
World War 1 is creating some of the consequences, namely the fall of the monarchy, absolutism in Europe and even worldwide, triggering the Russian Revolution, the destruction of 4 great dynasty of the Crusades era (the dynasty Habsburg, Hohenzollern, Ottoman and Romanov), the emergence of economic depression in 1929 – producing millions unemployment in Europe, and the emergence of the Cold War between Russia and the US.
The victims were killed in WW1 reached 40 million people worldwide.
5. World War 2
This war is touted as the largest World War never happened. The largest, as a result of destruction poses the most massive and sweeping impact in the life of the country in war, both in the political, economic, social and culture to this day.
World War 2 (WW2) occurred in various parts of the world and takes place from 1st September 1939 to 14th August 1945. This war is raging on 3 continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa.
In Europe continent, Adolf Hitler emerged as the German authorities. He raised the self-esteem Germany slumped after the WW1. By placing themselves in the Aryan race (the most superior and pure race), Hitler was able to mobilize the German losers become supreme Germany, which is scary for Europe and even the world.
The German invasion of Poland (1st September 1939) marked the beginning of the outbreak of World War 2. And with the help of a long-time ally, Italy, German expand its occupation to the Russian mainland. Well, this is where Italy displays its pragmatic attitude. If the WW1 Italy initially supporting Germany in the Central Powers then defected to the Allies, he now turned to be on the German side again.
Responding to German aggression on Poland, on September 3, 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany. As a result, this war was widespread in Europe mainland.
United States (US) eventually also involved in this WW2 when Japanese Kamikaze troops suddenly attacked the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. It killed thousands of US troops. The US joined with Britain and France fight against Japan at once against Germany and Italy.
On June 22, 1941, Adolf Hitler announced that marks Operation Barbarossa the German invasion of the Soviet Union. German deploy full forces in this operation! Approximately four million troops with 19 armored car division, 3,000 units of tanks, 2,500 aircraft, and 7 German artillery guns deployed to defeat the Soviet Union. In fact, in 1939 Germany and the Soviet Union signed an agreement not to attack each other. The Soviet Union on the side of the Allies began to become one of the strong German enemies.
Japanese forces crushed after a US bomber dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945). Massive destruction of the two main cities, forcing Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies on August 14, 1945, and signed his surrender aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, on 2 September 1945.
Meanwhile, in Europe, in 1944, the Allied forces managed to subvert the power of Italy under the command of Benito Mussolini, who forced him to give up on May 1, 1944.
And, at the end of April 1945, Berlin successfully besieged by the Soviet Union. Seeing the reality has failed to maintain the total German hegemony, then on May 1, 1945, Adolf Hitler killed himself and died with Eva Braun, his wife in a secret bunker in Berlin.
The destruction of Berlin as the German capital and the death of Hitler is the end of WW2. This devastating world war which claimed the lives of about 70 million inhabitants.
World War 2 gave birth to outcomes of The establishment of a UN organization, the emergence of the Soviet Union and the United States as a superpower, and Germany was divided into West Germany (controlled by US and Allied forces) and East Germany (controlled by the Soviet Union).
6. The Arab-Israeli War
Arab-Israeli war is part of the Arab-Israeli conflict in a wider scope. Open war marked the emergence of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict occurred in 1948. At that time, the British defeated the Ottoman Empire, hand over the Palestinian territories to Israel to be a state of Israel after they were scattered all over the world because they do not have any land to be inhabited, according to the Bible, referred as a result for Israel ‘rebellion‘ to God.
Knowing this, the countries around that majority of Islam certainly does not accept the unilateral decision of the United Kingdom and Israel to dominate Palestine. Arab countries also fighting, then the Arab-Israeli war broke out. This war was won by Israel under the command of David Ben Gurion.
David Ben Gurion succeeded in uniting the militias Israel and makes Israel Defense Forces are very strong. Ben Gurion became Israel’s first prime minister after the war.
In 1967, the Israeli-Palestinian war erupted as a form of disapproval of Arab countries against the Israeli presence in the soil around them. 1967 Arab-Israeli war is between Israel faces a combined three Arab countries, namely Egypt, Jordan and Syria. All 3 countries is aided by Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Sudan, Kuwait and Algeria.
The war lasted 132 hours and 30 minutes (less than 6 days), just in the Syrian’s front war only lasted 6 full days. The 6 Days War was won again by Israeli fighter forces.
After the war in 1967, it does not happen again open war until today. This was reinforced by the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993, which both Palestinians and Israelis, are equally recognized it respectively.
Nevertheless, the resistance against Zionist Israel still continues today on a small scale, that is commandeered by Hamas in the Palestinian factions. Tensions in the form of the Palestinian refusal to the expansion of Jewish settlements on Palestinian land, which is still going on until now.
The Arab-Israeli conflict has killed hundreds of thousands of people.
7. The Korean War
After World War 2, there are two major blocks, namely West Block (United States) and the Eastern Block (USSR). Both of these large blocks make casualties as a consequence of the victory in WW2. Some countries that are victims of post-WW2, namely:
- Vietnam, split into North Vietnam and South Vietnam
- Germany, divided into West Germany and East Germany
- Korea, divided into South Korea and North Korea
On August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union invaded Japan via the Korean Peninsula until it reaches the boundary line 38° North. Attacks as the appointment of the Soviet Union (1945 Yalta agreement) after they beat Germany and Italy in Europe.
The Soviet Union versus Japan battle waging for 6 days, and won by the Soviet Union, because at that moment, Japanese forces fell drastically when Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed by the US. Japan surrendered on August 14, 1945.
At that time, it was agreed that the Japanese troops are in the south line of 3°South surrendered to the US under the leadership of General John R. Hogde Letnal, while those in the 38°North surrendered to the Soviet Union under the command of Colonel General Ivan M. Christyalov. Well, this is the origin for the division of the two Koreas, so later that boundary line 38°North become North Korea and 38°South become South Korea.
The Korean War broke out on June 25th, 1950, until July 27, 1953. The Korean War is also known as the Forgotten War and the Fatherland Liberation War.
The war began after North Korea attacked South Korea by crossing the boundary of two areas known as the 38th parallel.
The North Korean side is supported by the Soviet Union and China, while the South Korea was supported by the United Nations and the United States.
North Korea started a war which he called the “Fatherland Liberation War” by conducting air and ground attacks, with the strength of 231,000 soldiers, 274 tanks T-34-85, 150 Yak fighters, 110 bombers, 200 artillery pieces, 78 Yak training aircraft and 35 spy plane. Fast attack and unexpectedly makes North Korea is able to take control some areas of the South such as Kaesong, Chuncheon, Uijeongbu, and Ongjin. And within 3 days, the South Korean capital, Seoul was conquered.
Nevertheless, North Korea actually having difficulty transporting war supplies to the south. That is why many civilians being forced to carry supplies across the line of the 38th parallel.
Meanwhile, South Korea only has around 98,000 troops (65,000 combat troops, 33,000 troops backers). They were not yet ready for war. South Korean army’s combat readiness is very low. At the time, South Korea did not have tanks, has 22 aircraft comprising 12 liaison aircraft type and 10 AT6 exercises plane.
North Korea’s attack power to make moral mostly South Korean soldiers fell, so being disloyal to President Syngman Rhee. Many South Korean soldiers who fled to the north and join the North Korean army.
At that time, no foreign troops stationed in South Korea. US troops are in the nearest US base in Japan.
Seeing South Korean position worsened, the US President at the time, Harry S Truman ordered the US Navy under the command of General Douglas MacArthur to help South Korea and hindering the progress of the North Korean forces. Truman’s decision was supported by the United Nations, which called on all members to assist the struggle of South Korea in the fight against communist aggression.
Support of US and UN member state dragged the Soviet Union and China deeply in helping North Korea in this conflict. The two Korean conflict became the first conflict of the Cold War between the Soviet Union (now Russia) and the United States.
Supported by the United Nations, they called on all members to support the struggle of South Korea. This, of course, makes a communist country like the Soviet and China more deeply involved.
The two Korean War ended on July 27th, 1953 when the United States, the People’s Republic of China (China) and North Korea signed a ceasefire agreement aka unofficial peace treaty. Unofficially, since South Korean President Syngman Rhee refused to sign a ceasefire, but he promised to respect the ceasefire agreement. Thus, the real war has not ended to this day.
That is why, even though the Korean War has passed decades ago, the two countries situation is still tense. Moreover, the North Koreans always provocation and threats to attack the South Korean that to this day is still supported by the US.
South Korea and the US signed a mutual defense pact on August 8, 1953, in Seoul by John Foster Dolies (Secretary of State) and Syngman Rhee (President of the Republic of South Korea). The agreement guarantees the protection of the US to South Korea if it were attacked by another party.
During the Korean War, casualties reached nearly 3 million people were killed. The number was very large for the size of the war that only lasted for 3 years.
8. Iran-Iraq War
Iran-Iraq war began on the border conflict between the two neighboring countries that were never in agreement. The war between the two countries in the Middle East broke out on 22nd September 1980 to 20th August 1988. This is the longest war in the 20th century – when compared to World War 1 (1914-1918) and World War 2 (1939-1945).
Iran-Iraq War is also known as Sacred Defense war and the Iranian Revolutionary War in Iran, and Qadisiyyah Saddam in Iraq. Moreover, this war is also known as the Persian Gulf War. In the 1990s when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the conflict was known as the First Persian Gulf War.
Although this war lasted from 1980-1988, the root of the problem has existed for centuries, the old hostilities that occurred between the kingdoms of Mesopotamia (in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley, now modern Iraq) with the Persian Empire (modern Iran).
Besides the issue of the historical boundary and territorial disputes, Iran-Iraq War broke out when Iraqi forces broke through the border of Iran on September 22, 1980, as an expression of concern over the rise of Shiite Saddam Hussein brought by Imam Khomeini in the Iranian Revolution. At that time, Iraq has not issued an official declaration of war on Iran. However, the war lasted for 8 years, despite the UN try to seek a ceasefire for both countries.
Despite being in the modern era, this war adopted a strategy of World War 1, namely to build many of trenches that serve as a defense tunnel, many machine gun defense-post built, manufacture defense barbed wire, open attack with bayonets, ground attack in waves, and the use of chemical weapons (mustard gas) by the Iraqi army is not only targeting the Iranian army but also the civilian population – used the same way when to exterminate Iraqi Kurds in northern Iraq. In aware of that, in a land battle, all Iranian soldiers using a gas mask.
Iran and Iraq combat power is not much different, except for the number of troops are quite striking. Iran has 305,000 soldiers, 500,000 combined Pasdaran (Revolutionary Guards sort of special forces) and the militia, 900 tanks, 1000 heavy vehicles, 3000 artillery pieces, 470 planes and 750 helicopters.
As for Iraq, has only 190,000 soldiers, 5000 tanks, 4000 heavy vehicles, 7330 artillery, 500-ish airplanes and 100-ish helicopters.
This war was agreed stopped on August 20, 1988, and both countries back to the boundary position before the war.
Casualties were killed in this war reached one million people (soldiers and civilians in Iraq and Iran), and more than a million wounded from both sides.
Of the many victims, suffering and loss due to this war, at least there is a fortune, which is this war did not spread throughout the Middle East region.
That’s 8 Greatest World War ever happened in the history of human civilization – emerge from reason to take over a territory that is claimed as a ‘sacred place‘, and on behalf of religions, the war erupted. Some are originated from lust to expand its power and then brutally eradicate anyone who stands in the way. It also arises by the killing of a respectable then eventually escalate massively, and some are emerging because of an on-going grudge feud over centuries ago.
Whatever the reason for triggering the war, there was never a war will bring good things and worthy. rather can burst the prolonged revenge & retaliation in future wars.
So, is the world going towards a life of true peace in the future? Will not! Someday and somehow, a world war that larger (World War 3) than 8 wars above, would explode as well, with or without a logical reason, with great or trivial reasons, and started by one country or even one person! [CT]